In this overview we will review the urinary tract, skin, pneumonia, gastrointestinal and sexually-transmitted infections, be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of each and be introduced to treatment and prevention of each.
Infections account for many of the illnesses encountered by older adults.; Early detection such as fever and an increase in white cell counts are frequently absent. A change in mental status or decline in function may be the only presenting problem in an older individual with an infection. Mortality resulting from influenza also occurs primarily in the elderly. Urinary tract infections are the most common cause of bacteremia in older adults.
The recent rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a particular problem in the elderly because they are exposed to infections at higher rates in hospital and institutional settings. Strict adherence to hygiene practices is necessary to prevent the spread of resistant organisms.